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JUNE 24 - 26, 2021 / WORLDWIDE




SEGMENT 6: 3.00 - 3.30


Experience and Expression of Need for Support with Schema Modes

with Elad Refoua, Haran Sened and Eshkol Rafaeli

Experience and expression of need for support in different schema modes Speakers: Elad Refoua, Haran Sened, and Eshkol Rafaeli Dyadic social support can be an important resource during times of need. However, support provision does not always help the recipient. One important determinant of support effectiveness is its visibility. Visible support is direct and recognized by the recipient as help, whereas invisible support is provided indirectly and may be entirely unrecognized by recipients. Visible and invisible support may be effective under different conditions; in the present study, we sought to explore these using the schema-mode model. Both partners in 52 committed couples in which one partner was unemployed or under-employed and job seeking took part in this multi-method study. Both partners completed electronic daily questionnaires sent to them every evening, which inquired about the support they received and provided and about their currently activated schema mode (using the Momentary Schema Mode Questionnaire [MSMQ];Lazarus, Sened & Rafaeli, 2020). Additionally, we conducted a survey of experienced schema therapists, which assessed the degree to which each mode is likely to be associated with need for support and with explicit requests for support. Based on this survey, we examined our prediction that activation of certain modes (e.g., the healthy adult) would be tied to less need for support but paradoxically to greater ease requesting support, and thus to greater benefit from visible support, whereas the activation of other modes (e.g., the punitive/critical parent mode) would show the inverse pattern

About the Presenters

Elad Refoua

Is completing his MA in clinical psychology and about to begin his PhD under the supervision of Eshkol Rafaeli in the Affect and Relationships Laboratory at Bar-Ilan University. He has gained experience in both individual and group ST and is conducting research on schema modes and on interpersonal relationships.

Haran Sened

Completed his PhD in clinical psychology at Bar-Ilan University, and is currently a post-doctoral fellow at Haifa University and Princeton University.

Eshkol Rafaeli

Is a professor of clinical psychology and the former director of clinical training in the psychology department and neuroscience center at Bar-Ilan University, Israel, where he directs the Affect and Relationships Lab. Prior to joining BIU, the lab and Eshkol were at Barnard College, Columbia University, where Eshkol continues to serve as a research scientist. Eshkol and his students study two key components of daily life – our affect and our relationships. In projects funded by the NIMH, ISF, BSF, the Templeton Foundation, the Hope & Optimism Initiative, and others, they’ve been examining the nature and structure of moods and emotions in the daily lives of both distressed and non-distressed individuals and couples. they look at the attempts partners make to make sense of each other’s thoughts, feelings, and needs, as well as at the interplay of good (supportive) and bad (hindering) actions that happen in the life of any couple. They also conduct psychotherapy/intervention studies, and are interested in the process and outcome of such interventions. He is a co-founder of the Israeli Institute for Schema Therapy, the co-author (together with David Bernstein and Jeffrey Young) of the 2010 Routledge book on Distinctive Features of Schema Therapy, and he continues to be very interested in using, teaching, supervising and researching this approach. 

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Why Schema Therapy?

Schema therapy has been extensively researched to effectively treat a wide variety of typically treatment resistant conditions, including Borderline Personality Disorder and Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Read our summary of the latest research comparing the dramatic results of schema therapy compared to other standard models of psychotherapy.

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