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Workshop 10: Late Afternoon (F3W10) - 90 Minutes

All about Coping Styles and Behavioral Strategies

by Amir Askari


Schema therapy has categorized many of the behaviors of humans into the three coping styles of “surrender, avoidance, and overcompensation.” Nevertheless, as we examine the behaviors of the patients with more precision and seriousness, we come to realize that it is a rather difficult task to classify all these behaviors into this triad. Since “classification” is one of the core methods humans have invented to grasp the meaning of different subjects more efficiently, the more this classification is done with precision and extensiveness, the more meaningful the patients’ responses would get for the therapists.

Teaching Methods:

In this workshop, I will discuss about different behavioral strategies as well as coping styles from an evolutionary perspective, ethology and interpersonal interactions. In clinical practices, it is highly beneficial to reveal the coping styles to the patients and give them an awareness of how incorporating these styles have adverse effects on their lives. Patient’s schemas tend to give automatic responses in the form of surrender, avoidance, and overcompensation styles in order to continue their survival. This usually happens outside of the patient’s awareness, and he would behave under the influence of his schemas and without having made an informed choice to do so. Accordingly, schemas do not set the stage in a way to perpetuate themselves only through the three coping styles of surrender, avoidance, and overcompensation, but they also utilize the other coping styles.

Learning Objectives:

New Coping Styles, Different Behavioral Strategies, Different examples about Surrender, Avoidance and Overcompensation. The 6th F (Fight, Flight, Freeze) and (Faint, Farce, Fumble). Talk about new schema MODES.

Relevant Background Readings on the Topic:

Schema Therapy, The Clinicians Guide, by: Jeffrey Young and etc.

New Concepts of Schema Therapy (The 6th Coping Styles), by: Amir Askari

About the Presenter:

Amir Askari

Born in 1979 in Tehran, Iran, Amir Askari has attended the University of Mysore in India, where he has earned his master's and Ph.D. degrees in clinical psychology. He is a supervisor/trainer and advanced degree certified schema therapist by the International Society of Schema Therapy (ISST). Amir Askari is also the founder and director of the Iranian Institute of Schema Therapy (IIST) since 2019. He is also the head of the Developmental Project of Schema Therapy (DPST-2012) in Iran and the Middle East, which is part of the projects overseen by the Center for Advanced Studies in Mental Health (CASMH). He is currently a board member of the Iranian Clinical Psychology Association (ICPA). His studies initially began in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Gestalt Therapy, and eventually, he got to Schema Therapy. Amir Askari has published numerous articles in international journals and has made many speeches in different countries. Besides doing psychotherapy with disordered personality patients and also counseling and conflict resolving with the couples, he attends to teaching, doing research, writing, translating, and editing. Amir Askari is the author of "New Concepts of Schema Therapy (The 6th Coping Styles)", published in July 2021.

Why Schema Therapy?

Schema therapy has been extensively researched to effectively treat a wide variety of typically treatment resistant conditions, including Borderline Personality Disorder and Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Read our summary of the latest research comparing the dramatic results of schema therapy compared to other standard models of psychotherapy.

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